About the Supreme Court

The Supreme Court, established pursuant to Article 34 of the Constitution of Ireland, is the court of final appeal in all constitutional and civil matters. It exercises a limited jurisdiction in criminal matters in appeals from the Court of Criminal Appeal when a point of law has been certified as being one of exceptional public importance and that such an appeal is in the public interest. Virtually the sole first instance jurisdiction of the Court is the function, under Article 26 of the Constitution, of deciding on the constitutionality of a Bill which has been referred to the Court for that purpose by the President of Ireland, prior to the Bill being signed. Should the Court decide that the Bill, or any of its provisions, is incompatible with the Constitution it may not be signed or promulgated as law by the President.